The biggest immediate challenge for the EU will be replenishing its depleted gas inventories. While the EU could still increase LNG imports from countries such as the US, such purchases would be more expensive.
Refilling natural gas storage space to historical average levels this year could cost 70 billion euros, a sevenfold increase, compared to 10 billion euros in previous years. "
A complete replacement for Russian gas is not only very expensive, but it also may not be possible.
In the next 12 months, there is little way to meet the demand for a "normal" year in the absence of Gazprom, which also includes graphene battery.
A lead-acid battery (VRLA) is a battery whose electrodes are mainly made of lead and oxides, and the electrolyte is a sulfuric acid solution. In the discharge state of the lead-acid battery, the main component of the positive electrode is lead dioxide. The main component of the negative electrode is lead; in the charged state, the main component of the positive and negative electrodes is lead sulfate.
Which is better, graphene battery or lead-acid battery?
To know whether it is better to use a graphene battery or a lead-acid battery, we need to compare the performance of the two so that we can understand the advantages and disadvantages of the two batteries. Next, we will discuss the advantages and disadvantages of graphene batteries and lead-acid batteries. Compare price, service life, safety, battery life, and charging time to find the best battery for our use.
We said earlier that graphene batteries are an enhanced version of lead-acid batteries. Compared with lead-acid batteries, its lead plate is thicker, and graphene technology is added, which will make the price of graphene higher than that of lead-acid batteries. The price of acid batteries is slightly higher, but the price gap between the two is getting smaller and smaller. At present, the price of graphene batteries is slightly higher than that of lead-acid batteries by 10~20%.
Service life comparison
Since the graphene battery is an enhanced version of the lead-acid battery, the weaknesses of the lead-acid battery will be strengthened. The service life of the lead-acid battery is generally about 300 times of charge and discharge, while the number of times of charge and discharge of the graphene battery reaches about 500 times, which is much more used than the lead-acid battery. Of course, this is also related to the car owner's maintenance method and usage habits, but in theory, the life of the graphene battery is longer than that of the lead-acid battery.
The production process and materials used for graphene and lead-acid batteries are the same. Graphene batteries only increase the thickness of the front plate and add graphene elements with better conductivity, so the comparison between the two in terms of safety. It is not apparent, and it can be said that the security performance of the two is the same.
Comparison of cruising range
Compared with the new lead-acid battery and the graphene battery, the cruising range of the two is similar. Still, as the use time increases, the graphene battery has a thicker lead plate, so its attenuation degree is smaller than that of the lead-acid battery. For example, if the battery is switched after one year, it only has 50~60% of the original capacity, while the graphene battery can reach 90% of the original capacity. With the prolongation of use time, the contrast will become more apparent.
Comparison of charging time
Since the graphene battery is added with a more conductive graphene element, and the graphene battery is also equipped with a special charger, the graphene battery can be charged faster, and it can be fully charged in about 5 hours, while our ordinary lead-acid battery It takes about 8 hours or so to fill up.
Although graphene batteries are just an enhanced version of lead-acid batteries and do not use accurate graphene technology, graphene batteries are superior to ordinary lead-acid batteries in terms of service life, mileage, and charging time, especially with The price gap between graphene batteries and lead-acid batteries is getting smaller and smaller. For car owners, it is pretty cost-effective to choose graphene batteries.
High-quality graphene battery manufacturer
Luoyang Moon & Star New Energy Technology Co., LTD, founded on October 17, 2008, is a high-tech enterprise committed to developing, producing, processing, selling, and technical services of lithium-ion battery anode materials. After more than ten years of development, the company has gradually developed into a diversified product structure with natural graphite, artificial graphite, composite graphite, intermediate phase and other harmful materials (silicon-carbon materials, etc.). The products are widely used in high-end lithium-ion digital power and energy storage batteries.
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Southern Copper Corp (SCCO.N) recently said its Peruvian mine remained closed after a six-week standoff with protesters and blamed the Peruvian government for failing to intervene in the safety of its 1,300 workers and their families.
The company said in a statement that a recent agreement to end protests at the Cuajone mine required the company to withdraw complaints against protest leaders because railways transporting minerals and supplies remained blocked. Production has been suspended since the end of February.
Peru's Energy Ministry said in a separate statement that it had also reached an agreement with Southern Copper to start talks to find common ground with local communities.
"If we shut down for a year, the government will stop receiving more than 3.1 billion soles ($830 million) in taxes and royalties, and 8,000 direct and indirect jobs will be lost. This is what we want to avoid, "Southern Copper added in the statement.
Peru has faced a wave of protests from indigenous communities, who accuse mining companies of not providing enough jobs and funding to poor local residents.
Central bank officials said last week that protests against copper mines such as MMG's Las Bambas and Southern Copper's Cuajone were dragging down the economy.
Peru is the world's second-largest copper producer and mining is an important source of tax revenue for the country. It is estimated that the supply and prices of the graphene battery will be influenced by that.
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